Instructions for authors

Please prepare your paper in MS Word according to the following instructions. And submit your papers and the Paper Submission Form by the given deadline (it is necessary to submit a abstract in advance). All papers must be written in strict accordance with the format.

Authors are requested to submit their papers electronically by using the online submission and review web site ( This site will guide authors stepwise through the submission process.

Ensure that the following items are present:

One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:

• E-mail address

• Full postal address

All necessary files have been uploaded:


• Include keywords

• All figures (include relevant captions)

• All tables (including titles, description, footnotes)

• Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided

• Indicate clearly if color should be used for any figures in print

Graphical Abstracts / Highlights files (where applicable) Supplemental files (where applicable)

Further considerations

• Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'

• All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa

• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet)

• Relevant declarations of interest have been made

• Referee suggestions and contact details provided, based on journal requirements